Brucellosis control methods with an emphasis on vaccination: a systematic review
Brucellosis is considered as one of the main zoonotic infections and a major public health concern worldwide. The aim of the present study was to evaluate various strategies for controlling brucellosis with an especial emphasis on efficacy of vaccination.
International databanks (Web of Science, PubMed, Embase) were searched for potentially relevant studies published from 1 January 2011 to 25 March 2021 using the following keywords: ‘Brucella,’ ‘Brucella abortus,’ ‘Brucella melitensis,’ ‘Brucella canis,’ ‘Brucella suis,’ ‘brucellosis,’ ‘Bang disease,’ ‘undulant fever,’ ‘Malta fever,’ ‘vaccination,’ ‘vaccine,’ and ‘immunization.’ The literature search was restricted to original articles published in English.
Various methods are employed to prevent and control brucellosis, such as removing sick animals by slaughtering, separating sick animals from the herd, and vaccination. Preventing, controlling, and eradicating brucellosis requires a lot of financial support, perseverance, and time. In order to conduct a detailed study, it is recommended that more studies be conducted in developing countries and different parts of the world.