The moonlighting protein fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase as a potential vaccine candidate against Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida in Asian sea bass (Lates calcarifer)
Vaccination is the most effective, safe, and environmentally friendly method to prevent the outbreak of Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida (Phdp), a dangerous pathogen in aquaculture worldwide. Here, recombinant proteins of catalase, superoxide dismutase, isocitrate dehydrogenase, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (Fba), and a mixture of all four proteins were investigated for their immunoprotective effects against photobacteriosis in Asian sea bass (Lates calcarifer). After immunization, experimental fish showed an increase in specific antibody levels and lysozyme activities, especially the Fba group. After a lethal challenge with Phdp strain AOD105021, the Fba group achieved the highest relative percentage of survival rate (70.21%) and a significantly lower bacterial load in the spleens than other groups 3 days after infection. The results suggest that Fba is a good candidate for subunit vaccine development against photobacteriosis in fish.